Time distribution of traffic accidents in Shiraz, Iran during 2017- 2018

Document Type: Articles

Author

Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background Trauma is an important and inevitable part of the health of the community. The incidence rate of accidents in Fars province is high. Identifying patterns of traffic accidents and reporting to authorities to prevent and control more accidents can be helpful.MethodIn this retrospective cross-sectional study, information about traffic accidents in Shiraz from 21 March 2017 to 20 March 2018 was used and information about 35406 Emergency calls was investigated. The variable studied includes age, gender, holiday, time of traffic accidents, outcome, etc.  Data was extracted as an Excel file and analyzed according to research hypotheses using SPSS software.ResultsThe maximum number of accidents occurred in summer (10939) and in September (3797). From the days of the week, most accidents occurred on Thursday (15.09%).The most accidents occurred at 16:00 to 20:00 Pm. At 00:00 to 04:00 Am and 04:00 to 08:00 Am, the accidents leading to death were more than the accidents that people survived.Conclusion:The rate of accidents in Fars province is high due to its tourist attractions, historical sites and the weather condition. The findings of this study indicate that the number of traffic accidents differs in different times. Due to the high traffic accidents in the last months of the summer and at sunset, traffic police need to have more precise traffic control to prevent road accidents.

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