The Effect of Organizational Structure Dimensions on the Spirituality in the Workplace

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran

2 Institute of Business Studies, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Szent István University, Budapest, Hungary

3 Department of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran


Background: In past research, spirituality is associated with several organisational behaviours, but the factors that generate and bolster spirituality in the workplace are rarely studied. To make the organisation and its staff spiritual, it is necessary to provide a set of conditions in which the employees can play their role peacefully and they can be in utmost alignment with organisational goals. The current research intends to investigate the effect of organisational structure on workplace spirituality. In other words, the main objective of this research is to examine the effect of organisational structure’s dimensions on the spirituality at Qom University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: It is an applied cross-sectional research where organisational structure is the independent variable and spirituality in the workplace is the dependent variable. All the employees of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, formed the population of the study and the whole population was studied. The main instrument of data collection was a questionnaire evaluating both independent and dependent variables.
Results: The results highlighted that parameters like complexity and formalization (two organisational structure dimensions) had significant effects on workplace spirituality, while no relationship was observed between centralisation (another dimension of organisational structure) and workplace spirituality.According to the results, the organizational structure is an effective variable assisting the managers in creating a spiritual workplace.
Conclusion: It is recommended that the organisations should encourage their employees to express spirituality, so as to benefit from advantages of spiritual employees and identify the remedy in their organisational structure.