Investigation of science production in Iran’s type I universities of medical sciences, a 6-year assessment

Document Type : Articles



Introduction: Science production is one of the main dimensions of sustainable development in any country. Thus, universities as the major centers for science production play a key role in development. The present study aimed to assess the trend of science production in Iran’s type I universities of medical sciences from 2007 to 2012.Method: In this study, the universities’ scores of empowering, governance and leadership, science production, student researches, and number of published articles were computed based on the evaluations of universities of medical sciences by the Ministry of Health, Treatment, and Medical Education from 2007 to 2012. Then, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the figures were drawn by Excel software.Results: This study assessed science production in Iran’s type I universities of medical sciences and analyzed each university’s proportion in publication of articles. According to the results, most of the published articles were affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. However, considering the role of number of faculty members, different results were obtained. With respect to the evaluation raw scores, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences showed a considerable reduction of scores in 2012, while other universities had a constant or ascending trend. Besides, indexed articles followed an ascending trend in all the universities and most of the articles had been published in index 1.Conclusion: Similar to other studies, the findings of this study revealed an increase in science productions in Iran through the recent years. Yet, the highest scores of the studied indexes, except for student researches, were related to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. This great difference between this university and other universities might be due to accumulation of specific potentials and forces in this region. Overall, science productions followed an ascending trend in all type I universities of medical sciences. Yet, more attempts should be made to publish high-quality articles in reliable international journals. Thus, managers and policymakers are recommended to provide the ground for improvement and empowerment of knowledge and science production, development of leadership and governance capacity, empowerment of researchers, and provision of financial and infrastructure supports for development of fundamental, basic, clinical, and applied researches which can be presented at the international level.Keywords: Research, Science production, Scientific growth, Universities of medical sciences

  1. Soheili F. Investigation of scientific productions of faculty members of Razi University in Science Citation Index in 1992-2008. Library and Information Science Studies. 2009;3(16).
  2. Foroughi F, Kharazi H. Status of scientific information
  3. production by the faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2005;5(2):181-7.
  4. Massarrat S, Kolahdoozan S. Critical assessment of progress of medical sciences in Iran and Turkey: the way developing countries with limited resources should make effective contributions to the production of science. Archives of Iranian medicine. 2011.
  5. Amin Pour F, Heidari M. Comparison of the research output of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
  6. Beiglou M, Hariri M. Investigation of the quantitative status of scientific information production by the faculty members of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 1988-1995. Modares. 1998;3:61-77.
  7. Gorji H, Rousta Azad L, Hassan Zadeh H, Asghari L, Atlasi A, Shokraneh F, et al. Ranking the faculty members of Iran’s universities of medical sciences based on h-index, g-index, and m-parameter up to the end of 2008. Health Management. 2010;13(42):17-26.
  8. Mousavi Chalak A, Nowrouzi Chakeli A. A decade of science production in ISIby Islamic Azad University. Library Sciences and Information Technology. 2010;3(9).
  9. Man J, Weinkauf J, San T, Sin D. Why do some countries publish more than others? An international comparison of research funding, English proficiency and publication output in highly ranked general medical Journals. European Journal of Epidemiology. 2004;19:811-7.
  10. Singh D. Publication bias- a reason for the decreased research output in developing countries. South African Psychiatry Review. 2006;9:153-5.
  11. Karimian Z, Sabaghian Z, Saleh Sedghpour B. Investigation of barriers to and challenges of research and science production in universities of medical sciences. Two journals of Iranian Higher Education Association. 2011;3(4):35-63.
  12. Sumathipala A, Siribaddana S, Patel V. Under- representation of developing countries in research literature. Ethical issues arising from a survey of five leading medical journal. BMC Medical Ethics.5(5).
  13. Evaluation research guideline: Medical research center. Cited 2012 May 22 [updated Cited 2012 May 22; cited]; Available from: /Notifications.aspx?NewsStatus=2.
  14. Sharifi V, Rahimi Movaghar A, Mohammadi M, Rad Goudarzi R, SahimiIzadian A, Farhoudian A. Three decades of research in mental health in Iran: a scientometric study. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2003;5(3).
  15. Yadollahi M, Shamsedini N, Shayan L, Rezaianzadeh A, Bolandparvaz S. The Performance of Trauma Research
  16. Centers of Iran during the Past 10 Years; A Science Monitor Survey. Bull Emerg Trauma. 2014;2(1):44-51.
  17. Radmard A, Khademi H, Azarmina P, Safavi M, Nouraie M, Kolahdouzan S, et al. Iran’s Biomedical Sciences` Research output in 2003: Abibliographic analysis of medline and excerpta Medica databases. Archives of Iranian Medicine 2005;8:180-3.
  18. center. Mr. Medical research data management portal. Iran: Medical research center. 2012 May 22 [updated 2012 May 22; cited]; Available from: selection.aspx.
  19. Osareh F, Ghane M, Rahmani Sefidooyeh M. Scientific
  20. productions of the faculty members of Shiraz University in 2000-2007. Ketab Journal.83:105-27.
  21. Azami M. Investigation of the rate of and effective factors in science production in faculty members of Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2000-2007. Library and Information Science Studies.13(3):225-42.
  22. Hayati Z, Ebrahimi S. Comparative investigation of science production in Iran’s universities, research institutes, and other institutions based on scientometric quantitative and qualitative indexes. Library and Information Science Studies.3(2):29-52.
  23. Nasser M, AlHajeri A. A comparison of handseatching
  24. versus embase searching of the archives of Iranian medicine to identify reports of randomized controlled trials. Arch Iran Med. 2006;9.
  25. Yadollahi M, Shamsedini N, Poostfroosh fard A, Roosta S. Obstacles to Research of Medical Sciences in Iran. Shiraz E Medical journal. 2014;15(2).