Evaluation of hospital information systems of the teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, based on the American College of Physicians Criteria

Document Type: Articles

Authors

1 Library and Information Sciences Department, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Health Human Resource Research Center, School of Management & Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Library and Information Sciences Department, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Hospital information system (HIS) is a computerized system used for management of hospital information as an electronic device and has an indispensible role in the field of qualified healthcare services. Nevertheless, compared to other industrial and commercial systems, this information system is lagged in using the information technology and applying the controlling standards for satisfying the customers. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate HIS, identify its strength and weak points, and improve it in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.Method: The present descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the 8 teaching hospitals of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences which used HIS in 2011. The study data were collected through interview and direct observation using the criteria of American Physician College check-list. Finally, SPSS statistical software was used to analyze the data through descriptive statistics.Results: The study results showed that laboratory and medical records had respectively the most %43.5 and the least %21.03 conformity to the criteria of American College of Physicians. Also, Faghihi and Zeinabiye hospitals respectively had the most %41.8 and the least %25.2 conformity to the American College of Physicians’ criteria. In pharmacy, data entrance mechanism and presentation of reports had complete conformity to the scales of American College of Physicians, while drug interactions showed no conformity. In laboratory, data entrance mechanism had complete conformity to the above-mentioned criteria and keeping the test history had %87.5 conformity. The possibility of receiving information from centers out of laboratory had no conformity to the desired criteria. In the radiology department, data entrance mechanism had complete conformity to the above-mentioned criteria and keeping the test history had %87.5 conformity. Besides, the possibility of receiving information from centers out of radiology department had %25 conformity. In medical records department, data entrance mechanism had complete conformity to the criteria and data storage, files format, and the process of providing backup had %75 conformity.Conclusion: The final conformity of HIS in the study hospitals showed that the total mean of the system was less than %50 and weak. Therefore, further studies are required to be conducted throughout the country; so that various providers will be able to evaluate the presented systems regarding compatibility and interoperability.