The Factors Related to the Employees’ Job Stress: A Meta- Analysis
Introduction: Identification of the factors related to the employee’s job stress is very important in any organization, so in this study we investigated these factors by meta-analysis.
Methods: In this study, we searched the terms “job-related stress”, “employees’ job stress”
and found 637 articles among seven English and five Farsi databases. After reviewing and
screening these articles, sixty-three articles were finally selected. The selection criteria were
based on the surveys which had investigated the correlation between job-related stress and
other variables; also, just the variables that were investigated in more than four studies were included in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis was calculated based on the correlation coefficients integrated with job-related stress and sample size by Stata 11 software, using Rosenthal-Robin method.
Results: The meta-analysis results suggested that seven variables had a significant relationship with the employees’ job-related stress (P<0.001). By increasing the workload, role conflict, role ambiguity, work-family conflicts, and total working hours per week increased the employees’ job stress, and conversely increased job satisfaction decreased the employees’ job stress; also, women were more exposed to job stress.
Conclusion: Organizations should pay more attention to time management training; the
staff benefits from these skills and can use them in their business affairs and organize large
volumes of work and work-family conflicts in order to reduce the impact of these stressors
to a large extent. Also, description of the tasks that the employee is only obliged to carry out should be established.
Keywords: Occupational stress, Job stress, Organization, Meta-analysis
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