An Overview of the Current State and Prospects of Development of e-Health in Uzbekistan
Introduction: A significant role is played by the automation of diagnostic and treatment process, and the implementation of information and communication technologies, medical information systems, telemedicine, electronic health records, and electronic prescriptions in the field of health care institutions. The main purpose of this review was to familiarize the readers with the achievements and problems in the area of the health care information in Uzbekistan.
Method: During preparation of this review, a comprehensive search of publications concerning informatization of health care in Uzbekistan was carried out. The electronic search was carried out by the keywords: e-health, telemedicine, health information system, medical information system, and child health in Uzbekistan.
Results: Retrospective analyses showed that in Uzbekistan the health system has actively implemented specialized medical information systems through various projects on telemedicine. One of the most important areas is improving the health information system in the field of reproductive health, women’s health, and children and adolescents health issues. The main expected results of implementation of e-Health and the use of telemedicine technologies and systems that enhance the efficiency of health care are: promotion of the health of the population; decrease in the illness rate, disability, death rate; increase of availability and quality of medical care; strengthening the primary link of health care; creation of conditions for rendering effective medical care on a pre-hospital basis; development of a preventive orientation of health care; satisfaction of the needs of the population at high-technological types of medical care.
Conclusion: Today, thanks to the implementation of extensive government programs in health care in Uzbekistan that has almost been completely reconsidered by the health care system. The country has taken measures to create the Integrated National Health Information System. Also, the informatization process is still confronted with many difficulties and it proceeds unevenly. The success of health care informatization in Uzbekistan at this stage depends on the decision of the organizational and technical issues.
Keywords: Uzbekistan, E-Health, Health Information System, Telemedicine, Child Health
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